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[Notes on Statistics]Balance of Payments Related Statistics

Data for which no sources are mentioned are compiled by the Bank of Japan.
All times are Japan Standard Time unless noted otherwise.

Contents

General Notes on the Balance of Payments Related Statistics

  1. For the frequency of compilation and time of release of each data series as well as its location, see "IV. Reference Materials" in the explanatory notes.
  2. Long-term instruments are instruments with a maturity of more than one year or with no stated maturity (other than those payable on demand), while short-term instruments are instruments that are payable on demand or have a maturity of one year or less.
  3. "Others" under sectors refers to nonfinancial corporations, households, and nonprofit institutions serving households.
  4. A "List of Member Countries (OECD, ASEAN, EU)" is available here.
  5. The basis for the compilation of Balance of Payments related statistics switched to the sixth edition of the Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6) for data from 2014 onward (for further information, see "Revision of Balance of Payments Related Statistics in Japan" released on October 8, 2013). For the Balance of Payments and the International Investment Position of Japan (Calendar Year Data), historical data originally compiled based on the fifth edition (BPM5) and rearranged based on the BPM6 (Historical Data Rearranged Based on the BPM6) are available. In addition, to the greatest extent possible, the rearranged time-series data are linked with the current statistics.
  6. Position data compiled based on the BPM5 before 2014 are available on the Balance of Payments (Data Based on the BPM5) page. The Portfolio Investment Position (Liabilities) by Currency and Type of Securities, the Debt Position (Assets/Liabilities) by Currency, and the Debt Position (Assets/Liabilities) by Currency (Foreign Currency/Japanese Yen) were introduced with the switch to the BPM6-based statistics.

Balance of Payments

See the explanatory notes.

International Investment Position of Japan (Calendar Year Data)

  1. See the explanatory notes.
  2. (Reference) For details on how the market value estimates of the direct investment position are obtained, see "Release of the International Investment Position of Japan and Related Statistics" released on May 22, 2015.

Regional Direct Investment Position (Assets/Liabilities)

Data for the direct investment position, which form part of International Investment Position of Japan and are compiled according to the asset and liability principle (see "Recording Principles of Direct Investment"), are classified by the country in which the immediate counterparty resides.

(Reference) Regional Direct Investment Position (Inward investment) (Ultimate investor)

Data for the investment position of overseas parent companies in affiliated companies in Japan (inward direct investment position), which are compiled according to the directional principle (see "Recording Principles of Direct Investment"), are classified by the country in which the ultimate investor holding ultimate control resides. For details, see "Release of the 'Regional Direct Investment Position (Inward Investment) (Ultimate Investor)' in the BOJ Time-Series Data Search" released on July 9, 2018.

Regional Portfolio Investment and Financial Derivatives Position (Assets/Liabilities)

For the regional portfolio investment statistics, assets are categorized according to the residence of the issuer, while liabilities are categorized according to the residence of the holder.

Portfolio Investment and Financial Derivatives Position by Sector of Resident Holder and Region (Assets)

For the portfolio investment position, assets are categorized according to the residence of the issuer.

Portfolio Investment Position (Assets/Liabilities) by Currency and Type of Securities

The Chinese yuan has been added to the currency breakdown, starting with the release of year-end 2016 data. This means that "other" in the currency breakdown includes the Chinese yuan for data through year-end 2015 but no longer does so from year-end 2016 onward.

Debt Position (Assets/Liabilities) by Currency

  1. Figures in these series include debt instruments under "portfolio investment" and "other investment." That is, equity instruments are excluded.
  2. Figures for the "central bank" and "general government" are not available.
  3. "Currency and deposits" are classified as short-term instruments, since a breakdown of deposits by maturity is not available due to data limitations. "Insurance and pension reserves" are also classified as short-term instruments.

Debt Position (Assets/Liabilities) by Currency (Foreign Currency/Japanese Yen)

  1. Figures in these series include debt instruments under "portfolio investment" and "other investment." That is, equity instruments are excluded.
  2. "Other debt claims" are the sum of "insurance and pension reserves" and "other accounts receivable." "Other debt liabilities" are the sum of "insurance and pension reserves," "other accounts payable," and "special drawing rights."
  3. "Currency and deposits" are classified as short-term instruments, since a breakdown of deposits by maturity is not available due to data limitations. "Insurance and pension reserves" are also classified as short-term instruments. "Special drawing rights" are classified as long-term instruments.

International Investment Position of Japan (Quarterly Data)

Figures for the end of March, June, and September are estimates mainly based on the flow data of the Balance of Payments. Figures for the end of the calender year are equal to those of the International Investment Position of Japan (Calendar Year Data).

Gross External Debt Position of Japan

  1. See the explanatory notes.
  2. "Debt liabilities of direct investors to direct investment enterprises" and "debt liabilities of direct investment enterprises to direct investors" include debt positions of indirectly held or fellow enterprises.
  3. Figures for the end of March, June, and September are estimates mainly based on the flow data of the Balance of Payments. Figures for the end of the calender year are compiled based on the source data of the International Investment Position of Japan (Calendar Year Data).

Historical Data Rearranged Based on the BPM6

  1. See note 5 of the General Notes on the Balance of Payments Related Statistics. For further information, see "Release of the Historical Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Data Rearranged Based on BPM6" released on April 8, 2014.
  2. (Rererence) Data for major items of the Balance of Payments (1985-2013 [Calender Year Data]) from 1985 through 1995 based on the BPM4 are rearranged in accordance with the BPM5, but not with the BPM6 due to the lack of necessary information. Rearranged data based on the BPM5 are available to the extent that a rearrangement of accounts and changes in the presentation of data based on the BPM4 are feasible.