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QuestionHow many banknotes are being circulated in Japan?


At the end of December 2020, the amount outstanding of banknotes in circulation -- for example, the amount held by households, firms, and financial institutions -- was 118.3 trillion yen (17.8 billion banknotes). If these banknotes were stacked up, they would reach a height of approximately 1,785 kilometers -- equivalent to 473 times the height of Mount Fuji (3,776 meters). If placed side by side, the banknotes would reach a length of around 2.78 million kilometers -- long enough to circle the globe about 69 times, or seven times the distance from the earth to the moon.

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The amount of banknotes and coins in circulation is released every month as Currency in Circulation, and the data are available at BOJ Time-Series Data Search.