April 4, 2013
Revision:November 19, 2014
January 29, 2016
September 21, 2016
January 31, 2017
April 27, 2020
March 19, 2021
October 28, 2022
The terms and conditions prescribe the principles for the Bank of Japan's purchases of beneficiary interests in index-linked exchange-traded funds (hereinafter referred to as "ETFs") and investment equities issued by real estate investment corporations (hereinafter referred to as "J-REITs") with the aim of facilitating money market operations.
2. Location of Purchases
The Bank's Head Office (Operations Department).
3. ETFs and J-REITs to Be Purchased
ETFs and J-REITs that are listed on a financial instruments exchange licensed in Japan (hereinafter referred to as "a financial instruments exchange"), and that shall satisfy the criteria below and for which there are no particular obstacles for eligibility.
- (1) ETFs shall be managed so that they track the Tokyo Stock Price Index (TOPIX).
- (2) J-REITs shall be issued by real estate investment corporations whose debts satisfy the eligible collateral standards set forth in the "Guidelines on Eligible Collateral" (Policy Board Decision on October 13, 2000). Additionally, in principle, the purchase and sale of J-REITs shall have been transacted on a financial instruments exchange 200 days or more per annum with a total trading value of 20 billion yen or more per annum.
- (1) The Bank, as trustor and beneficiary, shall appoint a trust bank (a bank that engages in trust business under the authorization pursuant to Article 1, Paragraph 1 of the Act on Provision, etc. of Trust Business by Financial Institutions, Act No. 43, 1943, hereinafter the same) as trustee, and shall create a money trust, with which ETFs and J-REITs shall be purchased as its trust property.
- (2) The Bank shall select the trustee prescribed in (1) pursuant to the relevant rules of the Bank. The trustee shall have a current account at the Bank, and shall be deemed sufficiently creditworthy in light of its capital condition and other relevant information obtained through the Bank's on-site examinations and so forth.
- (3) Purchases of ETFs and J-REITs shall be conducted by the trustee pursuant to a standard prescribed by the Bank, as needed.
5. Purchasing Price
In principle, the purchasing price for each ETF or J-REIT shall be the volume-weighted average price at a financial instruments exchange or the price at which the trustee transacts at a financial instruments exchange by targeting the volume-weighted average price.
6. Amount to Be Purchased
- (1) The amount of each ETF to be purchased shall be determined pursuant to the relevant rules of the Bank while taking into account the holding cost of each ETF and other factors.
- (2) The maximum amount of each J-REIT to be purchased shall not exceed 10 percent of the total amount of that J-REIT issued, and shall, pursuant to the relevant rules of the Bank, be set so that the Bank's purchase would roughly be proportionate to the amount outstanding in circulation of that J-REIT issued.
7. Exercise of J-REIT Voting Rights
Taking into account (1) and (2) below, the Bank shall establish basic principles regarding the exercise of J-REIT voting rights. Within the scope of such basic principles, the trustee shall exercise such voting rights pursuant to the duty of due care of a prudent manager.
- (1) Voting rights shall be exercised with the aim of increasing the Bank's economic benefit.
- (2) Voting rights shall be exercised so that real estate investment corporations would be managed in a way that would maximize the benefits of equity holders.
8. Disposal of Purchased ETFs and J-REITs
- (1) ETFs and J-REITs purchased by the Bank shall be promptly disposed in the following cases.
- a. In case a fractional portion of an ETF or a J-REIT occurs (only the fractional portion shall be disposed).
- b. In case the total amount of a J-REIT purchased exceeds 10 percent of the total amount of that J-REIT issued (only the portion exceeding 10 percent shall be disposed).
- c. In case an ETF or a J-REIT is assigned to the supervision post or the liquidation post pursuant to the relevant rules of the financial instruments exchange.
- d. In case the Bank accepts tender offers.
- e. In case the Bank accepts an issuer's request for acquisition of its J-REIT on condition that the Bank does not suffer a loss and there is no inconvenience to the Bank's smooth purchases of J-REITs.
- (2) For disposals of J-REITs pursuant to (1)d., the trustee shall, taking into account a. and b. below, prepare guidelines for how to respond to tender offers, and, within the scope of such guidelines, determine the response to tender offers pursuant to the duty of due care of a prudent manager. The guidelines shall not require the Bank to give specific instruction to the trustee regarding the response to tender offers.
- a. Liquidity of the particular J-REIT held by the Bank.
- b. Improvement in the value of the real estate investment corporation.
- (3) In case the Bank is disposing ETFs or J-REITs based on grounds other than provided in (1), the Bank shall, taking into account the situation such as the condition of the ETF or J-REIT market, dispose them for adequate prices. In such case, the Bank shall, taking into account a. and b. below, establish basic principles for disposing ETFs and J-REITs. Within the scope of such basic principles, a trustee, who shall be selected from trust banks pursuant to the relevant rules of the Bank, shall dispose ETFs and J-REITs pursuant to the duty of due care of a prudent manager.
- a. Avoid incurring losses as much as possible.
- b. Avoid inducing destabilizing effects on the financial markets by disposing ETFs and J-REITs as much as possible.
9. Loss Reserve Policy
In principle, in case the total market value of ETFs or J-REITs purchased by the Bank falls below their total book value, the Bank shall record, for ETFs and J-REITs respectively, the difference between the total market value and the total book value as provisions for possible losses at the end of September and March.
- These terms and conditions shall become effective on the date the Bank obtains authorization from the Minister of Finance and the Commissioner of the Financial Services Agency in accordance with Article 43, Paragraph 1 and Article 61-2 of the Bank of Japan Act, Act No. 89, 1997, provided that the Bank obtains such authorization.
- The standard provided in 4.(3) and any other necessary specifications for implementing these terms and conditions shall be determined by the Governor. When the Governor finds it necessary to conduct purchases under these terms and conditions, they shall immediately report it to Policy Board members.