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Issuance and Security Features of 2,000 Yen Note

On July 19, 2000, the Bank of Japan will start to issue 2,000 yen notes at its head office and branches.

The 2,000 yen note has various security features.

Counterfeit banknotes have never circulated in large quantities in Japan. However, the environment for banknote security is changing significantly with technological development in the fields of personal computers, scanners, color copiers, and printing, as well as with an increase in banknotes in circulation.

The 2,000 yen note carries more diversified anti-counterfeiting features than existing denominations of banknotes (1,000 yen, 5,000 yen, and 10,000 yen). It is hoped that an understanding of these features will help to maintain confidence in Bank of Japan notes.

Details of the security features
Existing denominations have the following security features:

  1. Watermark
  2. Ultrafine-line printing
  3. Intaglio printing
  4. Microprinting
  5. Luminescent ink

The 2,000 yen note carries the following security features, using new techniques or improvements on techniques used in other denominations:

(1) Latent image

When the banknote is viewed from a certain angle, the number "2000" appears on the bottom left of the front side, and the word "NIPPON" ("Japan" in Japanese) on the top right of the back side.

(2)Color-shifting ink

The number "2000" on the front top right-hand corner changes its color from bluish-green to purple when viewed from different angles.

(3)Pearl ink

When viewed from different angles, a semi-transparent pattern printed with pink pearl ink appears in the blank areas of the left and right margins of the front of the note.

Note : "" on banknotes in red means "specimen."


Like notes issued since December 1, 1993, the 2,000 yen note has the words "NIPPON GINKO" ("Bank of Japan" in Japanese) printed in micro letters. The micro letters printed intaglio are smaller on the 2,000 yen note than those on existing denominations. Also, with the use of background printing, micro letters of different sizes forming curved lines have been introduced.

(5)Intaglio printing

The ink of the Chinese characters showing the denomination and the picture of the Shurei-mon Gate is raised higher from the surface of the paper than that on other banknotes. This gives the banknote's surface a rough feeling, thus making it easy to distinguish from other denominations.

(6)Tactile marks (intaglio printing)

To assist the visually impaired in detecting the 2,000 yen note by touch, a recognition symbol with a rougher texture, printed intaglio, is adopted instead of the watermark symbols used for other notes.

(7)Luminescent ink

As in notes issued since December 1, 1993, the Governor's seal on the front side glows orange under ultraviolet light. Likewise, the blue parts of the background pattern fluoresce yellowish-green.

Major Law Provisions

It is a punishable offense to make or knowingly use counterfeit Bank of Japan notes. The same applies to alteration of genuine Bank of Japan notes, including alteration of their face value.

Counterfeiting currency/altering genuine currency:
Penal servitude for life or not less than three years
(Article 148, Paragraph 1 of the Criminal Code of Japan)

Use of counterfeited/altered currency:
Penal servitude for life or not less than three years
(Article 148, Paragraph 2 of the Criminal Code of Japan)

Should you discover a suspicious Bank of Japan note, please report the matter to a nearby police station or the Bank of Japan immediately.